Port based routing

After i came on new work i found that can not send email thru SMTPS, because port 465 closed on router. At this point i already had configured VPN access on my home router, so i think that it is good idea to route SMTPS traffic thru VPN, let’s start.

For this purposes i needed iproute2 and iptables. First i created new route table and add default route:

$ echo "1    VPN" >> /etc/iproute2/rt_tables
$ ip route add default via src dev tun_vpn table VPN
$ ip route show table VPN
default via dev tun_vpn src

Where – ip of my router into VPN and tun_vpn – VPN interface.
After that i created rule, that route marked packets thru VPN route table:

$ ip rule add from all fwmark 0x16 lookup VPN
$ ip  ru sh
0:      from all lookup local
32765:  from all fwmark 0x16 lookup VPN
32766:  from all lookup main
32767:  from all lookup default

There is time to mark SMTPS packets:

$ iptables -t mangle -I PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 465 -j MARK --set-mark 0x16
$ iptables -t mangle -I OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 465 -j MARK --set-mark 0x16

Let’s check:

$ traceroute -n -T -p 993 imap.gmail.com
traceroute to imap.gmail.com (, 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
1  0.217 ms  0.233 ms  0.201 ms
2  *  2.318 ms  2.377 ms  2.503 ms
3  *  1.411 ms  1.714 ms  1.947 ms
4  *  1.486 ms  1.733 ms  1.796 ms
5  * 12.762 ms  12.791 ms  12.836 ms
6  * 65.528 ms  61.534 ms  67.431 ms
7  66.606 ms  61.808 ms  60.219 ms
8  66.225 ms  61.190 ms  66.038 ms
9  60.271 ms  60.510 ms  60.956 ms
10  65.304 ms  65.610 ms  76.697 ms
11  66.954 ms  65.824 ms  61.563 ms
$ traceroute -n -T -p 465 imap.gmail.com
traceroute to imap.gmail.com (, 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
1  26.088 ms  42.767 ms  42.748 ms
2  *  42.813 ms  42.799 ms  68.297 ms
3  *  42.668 ms  42.665 ms  42.619 ms
4  * 42.539 ms  42.521 ms  42.504 ms
5  *  42.522 ms  68.071 ms  68.039 ms
6  *  68.015 ms  76.070 ms  85.085 ms
7  * 136.618 ms  136.634 ms  136.555 ms
8  110.732 ms  110.744 ms  110.712 ms
9  136.549 ms  136.506 ms  136.463 ms
10  *  137.978 ms  137.887 ms
11  137.893 ms  137.846 ms  130.177 ms

In my situation i observed strange effect, although that i set src ip, my host trying to send packets with src ip of local ethernet interface, so i just add masquerade rule into iptables.

$ iptables -A POSTROUTING -o tun_vpn -J MASQUERADE

Another way to fix it, set route to local work network on router, but i too lazy to do it.

Password protected access to “/wp-admin” on nginx

Here i found advice how to make wordpress more securely, idea is to protect access to “/wp-admin” by http auth, but “/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php” must stay available for everyone, same is true for some .css files.
I spend some time to research solution, it was a bit complicated:

location /wp-admin {
	location ~ /wp-admin/admin-ajax.php$ {
		# Php handler
	location ~* /wp-admin/.*\.php$ {
		auth_basic            "You shall not pass!";
		auth_basic_user_file  $document_root/.htpasswd;
		# Php handler

It is possible to add additional location to serve static content, but i am too lazy to do it.

Also here i found receipts for apache and lighttpd if anybody interesting. Continue reading

Forbid access to php into “wp-content”.

I expected in few articles an advice to disable direct access to php scripts into “/wp-content/uploads” i done small research and observed, than .php placed into “/wp-content” and into subdirs was newer directly accessed thru web. So i just completely disabled direct access to php scripts placed into that dir and subdirs. Looks more securely.

I made mistake. At least tiny-mce php scripts must be accessible thru web. So i just convert  this rules that touch ‘/wp-include’ for nginx:

location ~* /wp-includes {
	location ~* /wp-includes/[^/]+\.php$ {
		deny all;
	location ~* /wp-includes/js/tinymce/langs/.+\.php$ {
		deny all;
	location ~* /wp-includes/theme-compat {
		deny all;
	location ~ /wp-includes/.+\.php$ {
		include php_wordpress_handler;

Strange pattern on roof of my car

Strange pattern Yesterday before i go to sleep, i looked through the window and found strange circle on roof of my car. Day was very sunny and first i thought that something dark (like a leaf) fell on roof, heated it and melted snow. But edges was very sharp and it looked like accurate circle, next guess was that somebody forget something on my car or it just a prank. With these thoughts i fell asleep. At the morning i want to the car and found frozen water streams on the windshield and grounded battery. After that i remember that last sunday i tuned shock sensor and used lamp attached to roof inside the car. I remember that i swiched it off, but this lamp have strange complicated construction and i was not turned of it completely. The final surprise was that the car could not be opened with a remote control and  all locks on doors was blocked by dust (because i never used it before), but WD-40 saved the situation.

How to change page order of top menu in wordpress.

I try to reorder menu items by setting page order into Dashboard/Pages/Quick Edit, also i try plugin called ‘my page orders’, but anyway menu items was sorted alphabetically by page title, so i started to dig deeper.
In my template ‘top menu’ generated by function ‘wp_nav_menu‘ placed into header.php. When i looked at template, i saw that in parameters specified  ‘fallback_cb‘ function defined in function.php. When i found this function, i saw that this function uses ‘get_pages‘ with default arguments to get pages, so i just define 'sort_column' now function looks like get_pages(array( ‘sort_column’ => ‘menu_order’))
After that modification pages in menu sorted by as i expected.