The story of how I spent the evening enableing TMC2208 spreadCycle on Creality 1.1.5 board

I have ender 5 which come with creality 1.1.5 board with one little surprise, Marlin’s linear advance doesn’t work on it (klipper seems not to be happy too).
The reason is TMC2208 drivers which are in default stealthChop mode which doesn’t work well with rapid speed and direction changes.

TMC2208 is highly configurable in comparison to old drivers like A4988, but it utilizes half-duplex serial interface. Also it has default configuration stored in OTP (one time programming memory) which again may be changed via serial interface. So, here is two options, connect TMC2208 to onboard microcontroller  and let Marlin/Klipper to configure TMC2208 or change OTP.
It’s not so easy to find spare pin on this board (at least I thought so), so I decided to change OTP register.

Serial interface is exposed on PIN14 (PDN_UART) of TMC2208 chip:
TMC2208 package

On popular stepstick type drivers which looks like this:

This pin is exposed and easily available, but it’s not the case. On Creality 1.1.5 board these drivers integrated.
I didn’t found the schematic for revision 1.1.5, but I’ve found PCB view of older revision. I’ve visually compared traces, vias, elements and designates around driver and found them very similar if not the same.

There is PCB view of extruder’s driver:

Extruder's driver

And there is a photo of board I have:

Creality 1.1.5 board

The needed PIN 14 is connected to PIN12 and 10K pull-up resistor.

To change OTP register I needed half-duplex serial and I had three most obvious options out of my head:

  • Use usb to serial adapter and join TX and RX lines
  • Use separate controller and do bing bang thing
  • Use onboard controller and just upload an arduino sketch to do the same (or even use TMC2208Stepper lib to just write OTP register)

I had no spare arduino around and wasn’t sure that will be able to get access to Marlin’s calibration stored in EEPROM and decided to use the first option (it didn’t work well and here is few different reason why which I will write at the end).

First you need ScriptCommunicator to send commands to TMC2208 from there:
Next, you need to get TMC2208.scez bundle from there:
Download them somewhere, they will be used later.

The solution for making half-duplex from usb to serial adapter which is in top of google result looks like that:

And here is my initial implementation:

Half-duplex implementation
Resistor is just pushed into headers which are connected to RX and TX, only wire connected to RX is used to communicate with TMC2208.
My first idea was to solder wire to R24 (I need to enable spreadCycle only for extruder’s driver) and use usb to serial adapter like this:

1st attempt to solder wire directly to R24

The whole construction (5V and GND were connected to ISP header’s pins 2 and 6 respectively):
FTDI to Creality board connection

When everything ready, there is time to open TMC2208.scez, I used the version for linux, so for me it was command like:

/PATH/TO/ /PATH/TO/TMC2208.scez

But unfortunately it didn’t work. Each time I hit connect button I got a message “Sending failed. Check hardware connection and serial port.” First I tried to lower connection speed (TMC2208 automatically detects baudrate, 115200 was configured in TMC2208.scez), but without positive result. Next I was checking all the connections between FTDI, resistor and TMC chip – no success. Un-pluging VCC from FTDI and powering board with external PSU – no connection.

I started to think what can went wrong, the fact that old  board revision for A4988 drivers looks pretty similar made me think that creality just put new chip in place of old one and here is obvious candidate INDEX PIN(12) which is connected to PDN. According to datasheet  INDEX is digital output, so if it is push-pull, it will definitely mess with serial communication. Only option to fix it is to cut trace between them and solder wire directly to PDN. Luckily it’s just two layer board, so needed trace can be easily located on the back side:

Cut like that:

Back cut PDN to INDEX trace

And solder wire. Wire should be thin and soft otherwise there is a risk to peal off trace completely. Also it’s worth to check that here is no connectivity between wire and R24 after soldering:

Back of the board, wire soldered to PDN

I thought that I would finally be able to configure TMC, but to my surprise only change I observed was an checksum error message which I got time to time instead of “Sending failed”.
It was around 1:30 after midnight and I almost gave up, when recalled in the very last moment that I have CH341 based programmer. I give it a try and finally it worked:

Configurator finally connected
Only additional change I made, I powered board from external supply, because it was easier than searching for 5V on programmer:
CH341 connected to board

Next to change of OTP (step by step video may be foun there).

OTP bits can be changed once, that action is irreversible additional attention is needed there.

On “OTP Programmer” tab the byte #2 bit #7 should be written to enable spreadCycle mode. After that driver goes to disabled state, until “duration of slow decay phase” is configured to some value other than 0. For me it’s still opaque which value should be written, the SilentStepStick configurator suggests value 3, the same value used as default for stealthChop mode. Without having better ideas I wrote the same, first 4 bits of byte #1 controls  duration, to write value 3,  bit #0 and bit #1 should be written.
Complete sequence is below:

Byte 2 bit 7 Byte 1 bit 1 Byte 1 bit 0

To make sure that OTP configured correctly, it’s needed to click “Read all Registers” button on “Register Settings” tab (not sure why on my screenshot I have OTP_PWM_GRAD equals 2 probably I made screenshot after writing only byte #1 bit #1):

Read OTP bits

Or disconnect and connect to driver again, “Tuning” tab should have enabled spreadCycle and TOFF set to 3:

Mission complete


Looking back, I see that here is not so much sense in changing OTP in that way or doing it at all.
First  making half-duplex serial just by connecting TX and RX with 1k resistor seems wrong. Atmel’s app not AVR947 suggest that it should looks like that:

Correct half-duplex joining

Which makes more sense and explains strange voltage around 2.8V I saw on PDN pin when I was troubleshooting FTDI. Possible explanations why FTDI didn’t work for me is that CH341 has different  threshold/voltage levels or has pull-up or my FTDI was partially damaged after series of unfortunate incidents.

Next if for some reason OTP should be changed, it’s easier to use MISO, MOSI or SCK pin from ISP pin header and make arduino sketch.

And finally, there I found that board has partially populated 3 PIN footprint, unused pin connected to pin #35 (PA2) of atmega installed on the board. Without  bltouch it’s the easiest option to have constant connection between controller and driver, which allows to use dynamic configuration. Even more with klipper it’s possible (but don’t know why) to have constant connection to each driver and even have bltouch by using SCK, MOSI, MISO (bye sdcard), BEEPER and PA2:

Unused GPIO

So far I have no bltouch, so even with configure OTP I’m going to solder a wire from PA2 to PDN just to have an option adjust driver configuration on the fly.

Thank for reading.

How to fix “Encryption credentials have expired” on xerox b215

Looks like I have new hobby  donated by xerox (if you can avoid greedy lying xerox, do it) – fixing my printer.
This time it just suddenly stopped to work with message “Encryption credentials have expired”. Previously I saw an option ‘Create new certificate’ on printer’s web page and my assumption was that probably certificate installed on printer was expired. At least I faced with that issues on embedded hardware like BMC’s many times, I tried to click on ‘Create new certificate’ button but it didn’t helped.
Let’s say thank you to xerox engineers and launch wireshark to figure out what happened. When I tried to resume print queue I saw communication on port 631 (IPP), which I able to decode as TLS in wireshark. openssl s_client shown expired certificate. Here is no option to uppload own key and certificate, but here is an option to downloads certificate signing request under Properties->Security->Machine Digital Certificate. So, I just created CA certificate:

$ openssl req -x509 -sha256 -days 3650 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout rootCA.key -out rootCA.crt

Signed it using the next config:

$ cat > ./printer.conf << EOF
subjectAltName = @alt_names
DNS.1 = printer
DNS.2 = printer.local
IP.1 =
$ openssl x509 -req -CA rootCA.crt -CAkey rootCA.key -in PRINTER_request_sslCertificate.pem -out printer.crt -days 3649 -CAcreateserial -extfile printer.conf

And uploaded to printer.
Bonus point for SAN.

Make xerox b215 work with samba 4 again

Recently I bought xerox b215 (if you can, buy something other than xerox or hp) and wanted to make it scan to smb share. I already had configured samba in container using servercontainers/samba image.
So, it’s just to add another new share and configure user for scanner, right? Wrong!
It’ just didn’t worked. Thanks xerox’s engineers who decided not to burden end-user with diagnostic messages. It started scanning and after a second  returned back to the scan screen. Samba with log level 10 didn’t help me too, I just saw that client tried to connect and that all.
The tool which helped me is wireshark, I’ve found that after NTLMSSP_AUTH request from scanner samba sends STATUS_LOGON_FAILURE.

A little bit of “letsgoogleit” and voila ntlm auth = ntlmv1-permitted allowed me not to configure FTP for that lovely xerox.

Fix EFS dynamic provision on EKS

Probably it’s an obvious thing for people with more experience, but I spent an evening trying to figure out what’s wrong.

I have an EKS configured with terraform module terraform-aws-eks and IRSA configured like this:

module "efs_csi_irsa_role" {
  source = "terraform-aws-modules/iam/aws//modules/iam-role-for-service-accounts-eks"
  role_name             = "efs-csi"
  attach_efs_csi_policy = true
  oidc_providers = {
    ex = {
      provider_arn               = module.eks.oidc_provider_arn
      namespace_service_accounts = ["kube-system:efs-csi-controller-sa"]

At some point it started to work with static provisioning, but when I tried to use dynamic it stopped with the next errors in efs-csi-controller pod:

I1204 23:55:08.556870       1 controller.go:61] CreateVolume: called with args {Name:pvc-f725e33d-b1e5-44ff-a400-1f9ff8388296 CapacityRange:required_bytes:5368709120  VolumeCapabilities:[mount:&lt;&gt; access_mode: ] Parameters:map[basePath:/dynamic_provisioning directoryPerms:700 fileSystemId:fs-031e4372b15a36d5a gidRangeEnd:2000 gidRangeStart:1000 provisioningMode:efs-ap] Secrets:map[] VolumeContentSource: AccessibilityRequirements: XXX_NoUnkeyedLiteral:{} XXX_unrecognized:[] XXX_sizecache:0}
I1204 23:55:08.556934       1 cloud.go:238] Calling DescribeFileSystems with input: {
  FileSystemId: "fs-031e4372b15a36d5a"
E1204 23:55:08.597320       1 driver.go:103] GRPC error: rpc error: code = Unauthenticated desc = Access Denied. Please ensure you have the right AWS permissions: Access denied

And here is what I missed, official documentation uses eksctl for IRSA:

eksctl create iamserviceaccount \
    --cluster my-cluster \
    --namespace kube-system \
    --name efs-csi-controller-sa \
    --attach-policy-arn arn:aws:iam::111122223333:policy/AmazonEKS_EFS_CSI_Driver_Policy \
    --approve \
    --region region-code

SA creation is disabled with helm:

helm upgrade -i aws-efs-csi-driver aws-efs-csi-driver/aws-efs-csi-driver \
    --namespace kube-system \
    --set \
    --set controller.serviceAccount.create=false \

So I missed service annotation. The thing which have helped me to figure out what’s wrong (no it wasn’t careful reading of the documentation) was CloudTrail:

    "userIdentity": {
        "type": "AssumedRole",
        "principalId": "EKYQJEOBHPAS7L:i-deadbeede490d57b1",
        "arn": "arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/default_node_group-eks-node-group-20220727213424437600000003/i-deadbeede490d57b1",
        "accountId": "111122223333",
        "sessionContext": {
            "sessionIssuer": {
                "type": "Role",
                "principalId": "EKYQJEOBHPAS7L",
                "arn": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/default_node_group-eks-node-group-20220727213424437600000003",
                "accountId": "111122223333",
                "userName": "default_node_group-eks-node-group-20220727213424437600000003"
            "webIdFederationData": {},
            "attributes": {
                "creationDate": "2022-12-04T23:20:40Z",
                "mfaAuthenticated": "false"
            "ec2RoleDelivery": "2.0"
    "errorMessage": "User: arn:aws:sts::111122223333:assumed-role/default_node_group-eks-node-group-20220727213424437600000003/i-deadbeede490d57b1 is not authorized to perform: elasticfilesystem:DescribeFileSystems on the specified resource",

Assuming role as a node differently not what I expected.

If I have been more thoughtful I may ask myself what comment “## Enable if EKS IAM for SA is used” was doing in aws-efs-csi-driver’s values.yaml but I hadn’t.
Evening spent, lesson learned.


And  that update of service account doesn’t lead to magical appear of  AWS_WEB_IDENTITY_TOKEN_FILE env in container is a thing that worth to remember.


Looks like static provisioning will work even with broken IRSA for EFS, since NFS which is under the hood of EFS not be bothered by IAM existence in any sense.